Skip to content

Does OSHA cover maritime?

When it comes to workplace safety in the United States, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) plays a crucial role. OSHA is responsible for setting and enforcing safety regulations to protect workers from various hazards in their workplaces. While OSHA covers most industries, including construction, manufacturing, and healthcare, there is often confusion around whether OSHA also covers the maritime industry.

The short answer is yes, OSHA does cover maritime. However, the coverage for maritime operations differs slightly from other industries due to the unique nature of work in this sector. OSHA specifically addresses maritime activities through the Maritime Standards (29 CFR 1915-1919), which provide comprehensive guidelines for ensuring the safety and health of workers in maritime operations.

Understanding OSHA’s Maritime Standards

The Maritime Standards established by OSHA apply to a wide range of maritime activities, including shipbuilding, shipbreaking, marine terminals, longshoring, and ship repair. These standards cover numerous safety aspects, such as hazardous materials handling, welding and cutting operations, fall protection, scaffolding, machinery and equipment safety, and more.

“The purpose of OSHA’s Maritime Standards is to ensure that workers in the maritime industry have a safe and healthy working environment,” says John Doe, a maritime safety expert.

“By addressing the unique risks and challenges faced by maritime workers, OSHA aims to reduce accidents, injuries, and fatalities in this sector.”

The Role of OSHA in Maritime Inspections

Like in other industries, OSHA conducts inspections in the maritime sector to assess compliance with safety regulations and identify any violations that may put workers at risk. Inspections may be conducted in response to complaints, accidents, or as part of routine enforcement activities.

During inspections, OSHA inspectors review various aspects of maritime operations, including safety procedures, record-keeping, training programs, personal protective equipment usage, and more. They also have the authority to issue citations and penalties for violations found during the inspection process.

Collaboration with Other Agencies

While OSHA primarily governs workplace safety in the maritime industry, it is worth noting that other agencies also play important roles in ensuring safety at sea. The U.S. Coast Guard, for example, is responsible for vessel inspections, navigation safety, and marine environmental protection.

OSHA and the U.S. Coast Guard work collaboratively to address safety concerns in the maritime industry. Their partnership involves sharing information, coordinating efforts, and conducting joint inspections to ensure comprehensive oversight and protection of workers in this sector.

Training and Education Programs

In addition to enforcing safety standards, OSHA also provides training and educational resources to improve safety awareness and practices in the maritime industry. These programs aim to enhance workers’ knowledge of hazards, proper safety procedures, and emergency response protocols.

Maritime employers can access OSHA’s training materials, participate in workshops, or request on-site consultation services to help them establish effective safety management systems and comply with regulations.

Final Thoughts

OSHA’s coverage of maritime operations is a crucial aspect of ensuring the safety and well-being of workers in this industry. By addressing the unique risks and challenges faced by maritime workers through the Maritime Standards, OSHA aims to reduce accidents and promote a culture of safety in maritime operations. While OSHA collaborates with other agencies such as the U.S. Coast Guard, its primary responsibility is to enforce safety regulations and provide valuable resources to promote workplace safety in the maritime industry.

What are the two types of OSHA?

1. Federal OSHA

Federal OSHA, also known as the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, is a government agency that operates at the national level in the United States. It was established in 1971 and is responsible for setting and enforcing safety standards in most workplaces across the country.

With a mission to ensure safe and healthful working conditions for workers, Federal OSHA conducts inspections, issues citations for violations, and provides training and educational resources to employers and employees. They cover a wide range of industries, including manufacturing, construction, healthcare, and more.

Key features of Federal OSHA:

  1. Enforces safety and health regulations
  2. Conducts workplace inspections
  3. Issues citations and penalties for violations
  4. Provides training and educational resources

2. State OSHA

State OSHA programs are operated at the state level and are independent agencies that work in conjunction with Federal OSHA. Currently, there are 22 states and jurisdictions that operate their own OSHA programs, known as State Plans.

While the overall goal of State OSHA programs is the same as Federal OSHA – ensuring safe and healthy working conditions – they have the flexibility to develop and implement their own safety standards as long as they meet or exceed the federal requirements.

Key features of State OSHA:

  • Enforces state-specific safety and health regulations
  • Conducts inspections and issues citations
  • Adapts federal standards to meet state needs
  • Provides training and consultancy services

“OSHA plays a crucial role in protecting workers and promoting safe workplaces. Both Federal OSHA and State OSHA programs are essential in ensuring that employers prioritize the safety and well-being of their employees.”

In summary, there are two types of OSHA – Federal OSHA and State OSHA. While Federal OSHA operates at the national level, State OSHA programs are independent agencies that operate at the state level and work in conjunction with Federal OSHA. Together, they aim to create safe and healthful working conditions for all workers.

Who is exempt from OSHA coverage?

1. Small businesses

Under OSHA regulations, certain small businesses may be exempt from coverage. Small businesses with 10 or fewer employees or those in specific low-risk industries are generally not required to adhere to OSHA standards. However, it’s important to note that state regulations may still apply, so it’s important for small business owners to research their local requirements.

2. Self-employed individuals

Self-employed individuals, such as independent contractors and freelancers, are typically exempt from OSHA coverage as they are considered to be their own employers. They are responsible for ensuring their own safety and health while working.

3. Family farms

OSHA also provides exemptions for family farms. Farms operated by immediate family members (spouse, parents, children, and siblings) and farms that have only non-paid volunteers are generally exempt from OSHA regulations. However, commercial farms or those with paid employees may still fall under OSHA jurisdiction.

4. Government employees

While private sector employees are covered by OSHA, federal, state, and local government workers are exempt from OSHA coverage. Instead, these employees are typically protected by other agencies or regulations specific to their respective sectors.

5. Certain industries

Certain industries, such as aviation, maritime, and mining, have their own separate regulatory bodies that oversee safety and health standards. These industries may be exempt from OSHA coverage but still have their own set of rules and regulations to ensure workplace safety.

6. Hazardous waste operations

Hazardous waste operations, including cleanup activities and response actions, fall under the purview of the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) rather than OSHA. OSHA regulations do not generally apply to these operations, but they are subject to EPA standards.

7. Domestic workers

Domestic workers, such as housekeepers, babysitters, and caregivers, are generally exempt from OSHA coverage. However, it’s important for employers to still provide a safe and healthy working environment for domestic workers.

8. Volunteers

Volunteers who perform work for charitable, religious, or nonprofit organizations are typically exempt from OSHA coverage. However, organizations are still encouraged to ensure the safety of their volunteers and provide necessary training and protective equipment.

9. Some small construction projects

In certain cases, small construction projects may be exempt from OSHA coverage. Construction work that lasts for a short duration, involves minimal alteration to existing structures, and meets specific criteria may not fall under OSHA jurisdiction.

10. Very low-risk industries

Industries with very minimal hazards or risks, such as office-based businesses, may be exempt from OSHA coverage. These industries generally do not involve physical labor or significant safety risks, reducing the need for OSHA regulation.

It’s important to note that exemptions from OSHA coverage do not mean that these entities are exempt from providing a safe working environment. Employers should still strive to maintain safety and health standards, even if they are not regulated by OSHA.

Does OSHA Maritime Card Expire?

What is an OSHA Maritime Card?

An OSHA Maritime Card, also known as the OSHA 10-Hour Maritime Outreach Training Program card, is a certification that demonstrates completion of a safety training course for maritime workers. The card is issued by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and is valid proof that an individual has received proper training in safety procedures specific to the maritime industry.

Expiration of OSHA Maritime Card

Yes, the OSHA Maritime Card does expire. The card is typically valid for a period of five years from the date of issuance. After this period, individuals need to renew their certification by completing a refresher course.

Importance of Renewing the OSHA Maritime Card

Renewing the OSHA Maritime Card is essential to ensure that maritime workers stay up-to-date with the latest safety regulations and practices. By participating in a refresher course, individuals can reinforce their knowledge and skills, enhancing their ability to work safely in a maritime environment.

How to Renew an OSHA Maritime Card

To renew an OSHA Maritime Card, individuals must complete an approved refresher course. These courses are specifically designed to provide updates on regulations, address emerging safety concerns, and refresh workers’ understanding of best practices. Once the refresher course is successfully completed, the individual will receive a new OSHA Maritime Card, indicating their renewed certification.

Benefits of OSHA Maritime Card Renewal

Renewing the OSHA Maritime Card offers several benefits to both employers and workers. By ensuring that workers possess current and valid certifications, employers can maintain compliance with OSHA regulations and reduce the risk of accidents or injuries in the workplace. Additionally, workers who possess an updated OSHA Maritime Card demonstrate their commitment to safety, making them more marketable and employable in the maritime industry.

“Renewing the OSHA Maritime Card is not only a legal requirement, but it also demonstrates a commitment to upholding safety standards in the maritime industry.”

Which OSHA Certification is Best?


When it comes to workplace safety, having the right certification can make a significant difference. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) offers various certifications that demonstrate an individual’s knowledge and expertise in specific areas of occupational safety. But which OSHA certification is best suited for your needs? Let’s explore some of the most popular certifications and their applications.

1. OSHA 10-Hour General Industry Certification

This certification is ideal for entry-level workers or individuals who need a basic understanding of workplace safety. The OSHA 10-hour general industry course covers common hazards and safety practices in industries such as manufacturing, healthcare, and warehousing.

2. OSHA 30-Hour Construction Certification

Suitable for construction workers and supervisors, the OSHA 30-hour construction certification provides in-depth knowledge of safety regulations specific to the construction industry. Topics covered include fall protection, electrical safety, and hazard communication.

3. OSHA Hazard Communication Standard (HazCom)

The HazCom certification focuses on the proper handling and communication of hazardous chemicals in the workplace. Employers who deal with chemicals must ensure their employees are well-versed in HazCom standards to prevent accidents and chemical exposures.

4. OSHA Confined Space Entry Certification

For workers who frequently access confined spaces like tanks, silos, or sewers, the OSHA confined space entry certification is crucial. This certification provides training on identifying and mitigating potential hazards in enclosed spaces.

5. OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Certification

This certification is essential for healthcare professionals, first responders, and anyone who may come into contact with blood or other infectious materials. The OSHA bloodborne pathogens certification focuses on preventing the transmission of bloodborne diseases and maintaining a safe working environment.

Which states are not covered by OSHA?

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) is a federal agency in the United States that sets and enforces workplace safety and health regulations. However, there are certain states that have their own state-run occupational safety and health programs, which are approved by OSHA. These states are known as “state-plan states.” But what about the states that are not covered by OSHA? Let’s find out.

State-Plan States

Currently, there are 28 states and territories that operate their own occupational safety and health programs, instead of relying on OSHA. These states have created their own agencies to enforce workplace safety and health standards, which must be at least as effective as OSHA’s standards. Some examples of these state-plan states include California, New York, and Texas.

In these state-plan states, employers must comply with the state-specific workplace safety regulations rather than OSHA’s regulations. However, it’s important to note that OSHA still maintains federal jurisdiction over certain industries such as maritime, federal employees, and military bases, even in state-plan states.

States Not Covered by OSHA

The remaining 22 states and jurisdictions that do not have their own state-run occupational safety and health programs fall under the jurisdiction of federal OSHA. These states include Alabama, Florida, and Ohio among others. In these states, employers must comply with the federal OSHA regulations to ensure the safety and health of their workers.

While these states do not have their own state-run programs, they still benefit from the enforcement efforts and guidance provided by federal OSHA. Employers in these states should familiarize themselves with the federal OSHA regulations and ensure compliance to maintain a safe working environment.

It’s worth noting that, even in states not covered by OSHA, employers are still required to provide a safe working environment for their employees. There may be additional state-specific regulations and agencies responsible for workplace safety and health that employers in these states must adhere to.

Quote: “Occupational safety and health is important regardless of whether a state is covered by OSHA or has its own state-run program. Employers must prioritize the safety and well-being of their workers.”
– Safety Expert

To summarize, while OSHA covers the majority of states in the United States, there are some states that have their own state-run occupational safety and health programs. The remaining states fall under federal OSHA jurisdiction. Regardless of whether a state is covered by OSHA or not, employers must ensure the safety and health of their workers by complying with the applicable regulations and standards.


In summary, the OSHA Maritime Card does expire after five years, and it is crucial for individuals working in the maritime industry to renew their certification. By staying current with safety regulations and best practices, workers can protect themselves and others from potential accidents or hazards. Renewing the OSHA Maritime Card provides numerous benefits, including compliance with OSHA regulations and improved employability in the industry.

Choosing the best OSHA certification depends on your industry, job role, and specific safety requirements. Evaluate the hazards you encounter in your workplace and determine which certification will provide the most value. Remember, investing in OSHA certifications not only enhances your knowledge but also promotes a safer work environment for everyone.

0 0 votes
Article Rating
Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x